What many phlebotomy students do not realize is that there are a number of states that do not have a set of official guideline or regulation for those that practice phlebotomy, except for the state of California. According to the State Department of Public Health in phlebotomists working and living in the state of California are required to do the following:
1. Enroll and attend a training program from an accredited phlebotomy program
2. Have a considerable amount of experience in the field
3. Once they have completed their training they must pass the certification exam
There are 3 levels of certification that can be obtained and they include:
1. LPT (Limited Phlebotomy Technician)
2. Certified technician I
3. Certified Technician II
Educational Requirements and Basic Coursework
1. High school diploma or GED
- Computer science
Foreign languages, this is optional however it would be helpful since the medical career involved helping patients from various backgrounds.
Phlebotomy Technician I
The requirement for obtaining this certification includes:
1. Attend an approved program by the Department of Public Health. Speak with the department’s counselor to get a list of the approved programs.
2. You must have a minimum of 20 hours within the basic classes mentioned above
3. 20 hour minimum in advanced courses
4. If you currently have over 1,000 hrs. of experience working on the job then you only need to make sure that you have completed the advanced coursework requirements.
Congratulations! Just because you have graduated does not mean that you have completed your requirements. There are requirements for those that have recently graduated (these must have been completed on patients) to successfully hold their phlebotomy technician certification:
1. You must perform 50 venipunctures
2. 10 skin punctures
3. Take and successfully pass the written form of the phlebotomy exam
4. Complete an additional 20 hours of advance course work
Phlebotomy Technician II
1. The 20 hours must be completed just as your other coursework for phlebotomy; through a program approved by the Department of Public Health.
2. You will not be able to be admitted into the advance courses until you have submitted proof of your phlebotomy certification I.
3. On-the-job experience: minimum of 1,040 hrs.
4. 20 supervised arterial punctures: this punctures must be supervised by one of the following:
- Licensed Medical Doctor
- Physician Assistant
- Registered Nurse
- (CLB) Clinical Laboratory Bioanalyst
- CLS (Clinical Laboratory Scientist)
- RCP (Respiratory Care Practitioner)
5. Successfully pass the written exam from a certifying organization in your state. When you apply you need to submit your certificate of successful completion from your training program.
6. When applying you will need the $54 fee upon application submission, 2 photos (passport size) and (of course) the application itself completely filled out. Then you can submit your information in full to your states Department of Health Services.
7. Provide information on the following:
- High school diploma (official copy) or GED
- Certificate as mentioned above
- A document verifying that you have completed:
- 50 venipunctures
- 20 arterial punctures
- 10 skin punctures