September 24, 2017

An Introduction into the World of Phlebotomy

What Is Phlebotomy?

Phlebotomy is a much needed area in the medical field. Professional Phlebotomist draws the patient’s blood for use in medical tests so that physicians are able to properly diagnose illnesses and diseases. It is the job of the phlebotomist to perform and learn the following tasks:

  • Draw the blood
  • Manage blood draws and patient information
  • Store blood safely so that outside issues will not disrupt the process
  • In training you would learn how to properly obtain blood, transport or prepare it for transport and perform laboratory tasks and test the blood samples.
  • Learn and understand how the blood test works, possible abnormalities that may or may not be present and how blood samples are to be handled (additives and storing temperature).
  • Have an understanding of the various methods in which specimens are to be taken.

While it may seem like a lot, it is important to note that all of the above aspects will need to be followed so that you will have the ability to handle various cases as they arise.

Phlebotomy Techniques

What many fail to understand is that Phlebotomy is simply drawing blood from a patient when this is not the case. There are several methods or techniques that need to be learned when collecting samples.


This is a procedure when used in the collection of blood from the veins and is one of the most typical methods used by professionals in the field. Professionals are taught about the various veins throughout the body and the ideal areas where blood can be drawn effectively. They are also taught the methods in which to prepare the patient for having their blood drawn.

The most common vein is in the forearm, and this is known as the “anti-cubical vein”. It is the vein that is closest to the top/surface of the skin. The general amount of blood required to perform an accurate test is 5-25 mm. however, the amount depends on the type of test that needs to be performed.


In order to have a successful career in Phlebotomy in the medical field, one has to have professional training in the field. In order to enroll in a training course you have to have at least a high school diploma or GED. Training can be found at any of the following:

  • Vocational schools
  • Universities
  • Community colleges
  • Hospital
  • Medical labs
  • Online schools

Research is required in order to find an institution that provides you with the courses required to understand the basics of phlebotomy and the advanced subjects. The actual length of time in the program will vary depending on the state you live in. The typical amount of time for these programs is 2-4 months and involves drawing numerous samples in various hands-on training in the courses.

For those looking at a career in the Phlebotomy field there is an increase in the demand for phlebotomy professionals in labs, private practices and other medical facilities. The pay is good and the possibility for growth abounds.